is a 1927 German expressionist science-fiction
film directed by Fritz Lang
. The film was written by Lang and his wife Thea Von Harbou
, and starred Brigitte Helm
, Gustav Fr÷hlich
, Alfred Abel
and Rudolf Klein-Rogge
. The film was produced in the Babelsberg Studios
Made in Germany during the Weimar Period
is set in a futuristic urban dystopia
, and follows the attempts of Freder, the son of a wealthy intellectual, and Maria, whose background is not fully explained in the film, to overcome the vast gulf separating the classist nature of their city. Metropolis
was filmed in 1925, at a cost of approximately four million ℛℳ
The film was met with a mixed response upon its initial release, with many critics praising its technical achievements while deriding its simplistic and na´ve storyline. Due both to its long running-time and footage censors found questionable, Metropolis
was cut substantially after its German premiere; large portions of the film were lost over the subsequent decades.
Numerous attempts have been made to restore the film since the 1970s-80s, and music producer Giorgio Moroder
released a version with a soundtrack by pop artists such as Freddie Mercury
and Adam Ant
in 1984. A new reconstruction of Metropolis
was shown at the Berlin Film Festival in 2001, and the film was inscribed on UNESCO
's Memory of the World Register
in the same year.
In 2008, a print of Lang’s original cut of the film was found in a museum in Argentina
. After a long restoration process, the restored film was shown on large screens in Berlin
simultaneously on 12 February 2010.