Layer by layer: the Upper Palaeolithic at Mas d’Azil cave revealedThe first research at this site was carried out in 1860 with Félix Garrigou presenting the general stratigraphy in 1867. Twenty years later, Édouard Piette conducted extensive excavations. Throughout these years, thousands of flint tools and hundreds of portable art objects were recovered.
The cave of Mas d’Azil is the eponymous site of a culture that succeeded the Upper Palaeolithic: the Azilian, defined by Edouard Piette in 1887-1889. Between 10,000 and 7,500 years ago, this Epipalaeolithic culture, situated between the Upper Palaeolithic and Neolithic, was characterized by red deer antler harpoons with an elongated perforation at the base, very short end-scrapers and more or less geometric projectile elements (Azilian Points). Art is represented by painted or engraved pebbles.
Layer by layer: the Upper Palaeolithic at Mas d