GRANT'S GENERAL ORDER NO. 11Union Army Commander Ulysses S. Grant perceived a serious military threat in the frenetic commercial activity of the "Jew peddler" during the Civil War...Grant considered Jews to be an intolerable nuisance, "engaging often in illicit commerce across the lines of battle" and forbade trains to carry any Jew traders South. Finally Grant issued the following expulsion order (General Order No. 11) against minority Jews from his jurisdiction.
Headquarters: 13th A. C.
Department of the Tennessee, No. 11
Holly Springs, December 17, 1862
>The Jews as a class violating every regulation of trade established by the Treasury Department and also Department Orders are hereby expelled from the Department within twenty-four hours from the receipt of this order.
>Post Commanders will see that all of this class of people be furnished passes and required to leave, and anyone returning after such notification will be arrested and held in confinement until an opportunity occurs of sending them out as prisoners, unless furnished with permit from Headquarters.
>No passes will be given these people to visit Headquarters for the purpose of making personal application for trader permits.
By order of Major-General U. S. Grant,
J. A. Rawlins,
Assistant Adjutant General.
In a letter of the same date sent to Christopher Wolcott the assistant "United States Secretary of War" General Grant explained his reasoning for issuing General Order No. 11.
I have long since believed that in spite of all the vigilance that can be infused into Post Commanders, that the "Hard money (policy)" regulations of the Treasury Dept. have been violated, and that mostly by Jews and other unprincipled traders. So well satisfied of this have I been at this that I instructed the Commdg Officer at Columbus [Kentucky] to refuse all permits to Jews to come south, and frequently have had them expelled from the Dept. [of the Tennessee]. But they come in with their "Carpet bag" in spite of all that can be done to prevent it. THE JEWS SEEM TO BE A PRIVILEGED CLASS THAT CAN TRAVEL ANYWHERE (Emphasis mine). They will land at any wood yard or landing on the river and make their way through the country. If not permitted to buy Cotton themselves they will act as agents for someone else who will be at a Military post, with a Treasury permit to receive Cotton and pay for it in Treasury notes which the Jew will buy up at an agreed rate, paying gold. There is but one way that I know of to reach this case. That is for Government to buy all the Cotton at a fixed rate and send it to Cairo, St Louis, or some other point to be sold. Then all traders, that are a curse to the Army might be expelled.
Called the "worst official anti-Semitic act in American history" by the Jews and their cohorts, President Lincoln recalled Grant's order...A classic example of another "dark period" of Jewish history conveniently edited out by our inglorious judaized historians.