Britain in the time of Hadrian 117-138 AD practiced the Druid ideology. This sanguinary system was said to have originated in Britain, whence it was introduced into Gaul. It’s principal doctrines were the immortality and transmigration of the souls; it’s chief maxims— to worship the gods , to do no evil, and to behave heroically. To appease , by cruel rites, their offended deities, huge images of wickerwork were filled with human victims, who were burned alive, and from their quivering limbs the priest predicted future events. The mistletoe , wherever it was found upon the oak , itself a sacred tree , was cut with great ceremony, and used as a charm to cause fecundity or to counteract poison. The Druidical order was divided into three classes: 1 The Druids, who were their dignitaries; 2 The Bards, poets or musicians,; and 3 the Ouates, the lowest rank of sacrificers and diviners. Of their monuments are few remaining, unless we consider as such the remarkable ruins of Stonehenge and Abury.
During the reign of (H)Adrian was in many respects unequal to his great predecessor. Relinquishing the conquests of Trajan, he wisely reduced the empire to the limitations sanctioned by the wisdom of Augustus— to the barriers formed by the Euphrates, the Danube , the Rhine , and the ocean. He travelled through all his dominions to investigate and remedy more promptly the disorders which prevailed. He settled a colony at Jerusalem, rebuilt the walls of the city, and called it Aelia Capitolina. Many useful reforms were introduced by him; the annual laws of the praetors were replaced by a perpetual edict , so that the principles of the administration of justice no longer varied with each years. The condition of the slaves was also greatly ameliorated ; their masters were no longer allowed to exercise an absolute power of life and death over them, and the private prisons were closed. An insurrection , which broke out under the impostor Barchochebas, who announced that he was the Messiah , was, after two years , extinguished in the blood of many thousands of Jews in 135 AD. The latter of Adrians reign was darkened by the murder of persons suspected of conspiring against him, and he died of a lingering disease, repeating Plato’s well-known lines on the nature of the soul.
As for the Ninth Legion?